Aulacomerus

Aulacomerus Spinola, 1840: 137-140. Type species: Aulacomerus buquetii Spinola, by monotypy.

Loboceras Kirby, 1882: 79-80. Type species: Loboceras mexicanum Kirby. Subsequently designated by Rohwer, 1911a: 82. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 129.

Loboceros Konow, 1900: 68, 69. Unjustified emendation.

Citations

Brullé 1846 [diagnosis: 663-664]; Norton 1867 [diagnosis, distribution (range): 224]; Kirby 1882 [systematics – classification, new taxon: 79-81]; Cameron 1883 [diagnosis, systematics, distribution (range): 54]; Ashmead 1898 [key: 229]; Konow 1900 [key: 68]; Konow 1905a [description, distribution (range), key: 32, 33, 35]; Rohwer 1911a [type information: 75, 82]; Rohwer 1911c [systematics – classification: 226]; Benson 1938c [systematics – classification: 381, 382]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 168-171]; Pagliano & Scaramozzino 1990 [catalogue/checklist: 44, 116]; Smith 1990 [diagnosis, key, key to species, synonymy, taxonomy: 128, 129-147]; Abe & Smith 1991 [synonymy, systematics – classification: 45]; Smith 1995b [diagnosis, distribution (range), illustration of adult: 160, 171]; Smith & Janzen 2003 [distribution (range): 320-321].

Aulacomerus apicalis Smith

Aulacomerus apicalis Smith, 1990: 137. Type locality: Peru: Tingo Maria, Huanuco, 620 m. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: MCZC. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of sawsheath, key: 127, 130, 134, 137]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Peru [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus atriventris (Malaise)

Loboceras atriventris Malaise, 1955: 117. Type locality: Argentina: Angostura de Arios, Salta. Holotype male, by indication. Type depository: NHRS. Described: male.

Aulacomerus atriventris: Smith, 1990: 137. Change of combination.

Citations

Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 169]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), key, taxonomy, type information: 136, 137]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Jujuy [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Salta [Smith 1978, Smith 1990Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus buquetii Spinola

Aulacomerus buquetii Spinola, 1840: 140-141. Type locality: French Guiana: Cayenne. Holotype male, by monotypy. Type depository: MRSN. Described: male. Illust.

Skelosyzygonia simplicica Greenbaum, 1974: 61-63. Type locality: Peru: Pucallipa, Loreto, 200 m. Holotype male, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: LACM. Described: male. Illust. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 137.

Citations

Kirby 1882 [distribution (range): 81]; Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 309]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 35]; Greenbaum 1974 [illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key, new taxon: 61-63]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 169, 171]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of adult, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, key, synonymy, taxonomy, type information: 127, 133, 135, 137-138]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Pará [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); French Guiana [Kirby 1882, Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006 (?)]; Peru [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus calcar (Norton)

Cephalocera calcar Norton, 1867: 51. Type locality: Mexico: Cordova. Holotype female, by monotypy. Type depository: MHNG. Described: female.

Corynophilus calcar: Kirby, 1882: 32. Change of combination.

Loboceras calcar: Cameron, 1882: 133. Change of combination.

Loboceros calcar: Konow, 1905a: 33.

Aulacomerus calcar: Smith, 1990: 138. Change of combination.

Citations

Kirby 1882 [taxonomy: 32]; Cameron 1883 [diagnosis, distribution (range): 56, pl. I]; Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 309]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 33]; Smith 1971 [type information: 524]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 169]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of genitalia, key, synonymy, taxonomy, type information: 130, 138]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Mexico (Veracruz [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus candirus Smith

Aulacomerus candirus Smith, 1990: 138. Type locality: Argentina: Horco Molle, Parque Sierra San Javier, Tucumán, 700 m. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: IMLT. Described: male, female.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of genitalia, key: 136, 138]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Tucumán [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus daktus Smith

Aulacomerus daktus Smith, 1990: 138-139. Type locality: Guatemala: San José. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: CASC. Described: male, female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of adult, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, illustration of sawsheath, key: 127, 131, 135, 138-139]; Smith & Janzen 2003 [behaviour, description of female, description of immature stages, host plant, illustration of female, illustration of immature stages, life history, seasonal distribution: 316, 318, 321-322]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, host plant: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Costa Rica [Smith & Janzen 2003, Smith 2006]; Guatemala [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Mexico (Chiapas [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Associations

Host – GENTIANALES Apocynaceae: Mesechites trifida Müll.Arg. [Smith & Janzen 2003, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus ecuadoriensis (Enderlein)

Loboceras ecuadoriensis Enderlein, 1919: 124. Type locality: Ecuador: Bucay. Holotype, by monotypy and original designation. Type probably lost. Described: female. Enderlein states in the original description that the type is deposited in the Stettiner Zoologisches Museum. The type is, according to Smith (1990: 139), not with the other Enderlein types at Warsaw.

Aulacomerus ecuadoriensis: Smith, 1990: 139. Change of combination.

Citations

Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170]; Smith 1990 [distribution record, synonymy, taxonomy, type information: 139]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Ecuador [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus enus Smith

Aulacomerus enus Smith, 1990: 139-140. Type locality: Mexico: 6 mi E Cuernavaca, Morelos. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: USNM. Described: female.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), key: 132, 139]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Nearctic: Mexico (Morelos [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).Neotropical: Mexico (Guerrero [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus geraesinus (Malaise)

Aulacomerus nigriceps Enderlein, 1919: 125. Type locality: Brazil: Santa Catharina. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: PASW. Described: female. Preoccupied in Loboceras by L. nigriceps Cameron, 1883, now placed in Anathulea.

Loboceras geraesina Malaise, 1949: 16-17. Type locality: Brazil: Minas Geraís. Holotype male, by monotypy. Type depository: NHRS. Described: male.

Loboceras enderleini: Smith, 1978: 170. Change of combination and replacement name for nigriceps Enderlein.

Aulacomerus geraesinus: Smith, 1990: 140. Change of combination.

Citations

Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, key, type information: 131, 135, 136, 140]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Minas Geraís [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Rio de Janeiro [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Santa Catarina [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], São Paulo [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus gibbifrons (Konow)

Loboceros gibbifrons Konow, 1900: 69-70. Type locality: Bolivia. Syntype, female. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female.

Aulacomerus gibbifrons: Smith, 1990: 140. Change of combination.

Citations

Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 33]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, key, taxonomy, type information: 131, 132, 133, 136, 14]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Tucumán [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Bolivia [Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Paraguay [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus hippolyte (Kirby)

Loboceras hippolyte Kirby, 1882: 80. Type locality: Brazil: “Amazons”. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: BMNH. Described: female. Illust.

Loboceras xanthostigma Cameron, 1883: 56-57. Type locality: Panama: Bugaba. Holotype male. Type depository: BMNH. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 140.

Loboceros xanthostigmus: Konow, 1905a: 33.

Loboceras trimaculatus Rohwer, 1911b: 381. Type locality: Costa Rica: Piedros Negras. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: BMNH. Described: female. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 140.

Citations

Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 309]; Konow 1900 [description of male: 70]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 33]; Benson 1930 [description of adult, distribution record, type information: 621]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170, 171]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key, synonymy, taxonomy, type information: 132, 133, 140], Smith 1995b [distribution (range): 172]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil [Konow 1905a, Smith 1978] (Amazonas [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pará [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Colombia [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Costa Rica [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 1995b, Smith 2006]; Guyana [Smith 1978, Smith 1990]; Panama [Cameron 1883, Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990]; Suriname [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Venezuela [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus isomus Smith

Aulacomerus isomus Smith, 1990: 140-141. Type locality: Mexico: 6 mi E Cuernavaca, Morelos. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: USNM. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of adult, illustration of female, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of sawsheath, key: 127, 130, 134, 140-141]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Nearctic: Mexico (Morelos [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).Neotropical: Mexico (Guerrero [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus jimus Smith

Aulacomerus jimus Smith, 1990: 141. Type locality: Mexico: Sinaloa, 15 mi. W El Palmito, 5000 feet. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: CNCI. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key: 132, 134, 141]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Mexico (Jalisco [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Michoacán [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Sinola [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus klugii (Cameron)

Loboceras klugii Cameron, 1883: 55. Type locality: Guatemala: San Geromino. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 141. Type depository: BMNH. Described: female. Illust.

Loboceros klugii: Konow, 1905a: 33.

Aulacomerus klugii: Smith, 1990: 141. Change of combination.

Citations

Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 309]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 33]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of adult, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, key, type information: 127, 130, 131, 135, 14]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Nearctic: Mexico (Puebla [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], San Luis Potosi [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]). Neotropical: Belize [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; El Salvador [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Guatemala [Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Mexico (Chiapas [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Oaxaca [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Veracruz [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Yucatán [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Panama [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus konowi (Malaise)

Loboceras konowi Malaise, 1949: 16. Type locality: Brazil: Cambuquira, Minas Geraís. Holotype male, by monotypy. Type depository: NHRS. Described: male.

Aulacomerus konowi: Smith, 1990: 141. Change of combination.

Citations

Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male genitalia, key, type information: 131, 141]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Minas Geraís [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus lucidus (Kirby)

Loboceras lucidum Kirby, 1882: 80. Type locality: Brazil: “Amazons”. Syntype, female. Type depository: BMNH. Described: female. Illust.

Loboceras fuscipenne Cameron, 1883: 57. Type locality: Panama: David, Chiriqui, Champion. Syntype male. Type depository: BMNH. Described: female. Illust. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 142.

Loboceros frater Konow, 1903b: 169-170. Type locality: Peru: Vilcanota. Lectotype male, designated by Smith, 1990: 142. Type depository: DEIC. Described: male, female. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 142.

Loboceros fuscipennis: Konow, 1905a: 33.

Loboceros lucidus: Konow, 1905a: 33.

Aulacomerus lucidus: Smith, 1990: 142. Change of combination.

Citations

Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 309]; Konow 1905a [illustration of female, distribution (range): 33, pl. 2]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170]; Smith 1990 [illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, distribution (range), taxonomy, key, type information: 131, 135, 136, 142], Smith 1995b [distribution (range): 171]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Bolivia [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Brazil [Konow 1905a, Smith 1978] (Amazonas [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pará [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Colombia [Smith 1990]; Costa Rica [Smith 1995b, Smith 2006]; Mexico (Veracruz [Smith 1978]); Panama [Cameron 1883, Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Peru [Konow 1903b, Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Venezuela [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus mexicanus (Kirby)

Loboceras mexicanum Kirby, 1882: 80. Type locality: Mexico: Orizaba, Veracruz. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: BMNH. Described: female. Illust.

Loboceras saussurii Cameron, 1883: 56. Type locality: Mexico: Orizaba, Veracruz. Syntype male. Type depository: MHNG. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 142.

Loboceros mexicanus: Konow, 1905a: 33.

Loboceros saussurei [sic!]: Konow, 1905a: 33.

Aulacomerus mexicanus: Smith, 1990: 142. Change of combination.

Citations

Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 309]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 33]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 170]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of adult, illustration of lance/lancet, key, taxonomy, type information: 127, 130, 134, 142]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Costa Rica [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Mexico (Veracruz [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus nastus Smith

Aulacomerus nastus Smith, 1990: 142-143. Type locality: Argentina: S Pedro Colaiao, Tucumán. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: MCZC. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key: 132, 134, 142-143]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Salta [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Tucumán [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus olemus Smith

Aulacomerus olemus Smith, 1990: 143. Type locality: Brazil: Belém Mocambo, Pará. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: MPEG. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key: 132, 133, 143]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Amazonas [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pará [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus padeus Smith

Aulacomerus padeus Smith, 1990: 143-144. Type locality: French Guiana. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: MNHN. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key: 132, 135, 143-144]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Bolivia [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Brazil (Rondônia [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); French Guiana [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus pullus Smith

Aulacomerus pullus Smith, 1990: 144. Type locality: Argentina: Oran, Abra Grande, Salta. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: MCZC. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key: 132, 133, 144]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Salta [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus quivus Smith

Aulacomerus quivus Smith, 1990: 144-145. Type locality: Argentina: Villa Nougues, Tucumán, 1250 m. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: MCZC. Described: female.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), key: 136, 145]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Tucumán [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus ratinus Smith

Aulacomerus ratinus Smith, 1990: 145. Type locality: Peru: Monsoon Valley, Tingo Maria, Huanuco. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: CASC. Described: female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key: 136, 134, 145]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Peru [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus retusicornis (Konow)

Loboceros retusicornis Konow, 1900: 69. Type locality: Peru. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 145. Type depository: HNHM. Described: female.

Loboceros trinotatus Konow, 1906a: 346-347. Type locality: Brazil: Oyapock, Amapá. Holotype female, by monotypy. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 145.

Loboceros binotatus Konow, 1906b: 368. Type locality: Brazil: Obidos, Pará. Syntype, female. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 145.

Aulacomerus retusicornis: Smith, 1990: 145. Change of combination.

Citations

Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 33]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 169, 170, 171]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of lance/lancet, key, synonymy, taxonomy, type information: 135, 133, 145-146]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 617].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Amapá [Konow 1906a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pará [Konow 1906b, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Peru [Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Suriname [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus varicornis (Cameron)

Loboceras varicorne Cameron, 1883: 54-55. Type locality: Panama: Volcan de Chiriqui, 4000-6000 ft (= 1220-1830 m). Syntype female. Type depository: BMNH.

Aulacomerus varicornis: Smith, 1990: 146. Change of combination.

Citations

Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 309]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 33]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 171]; Smith 1990 [distribution record, illustration of lance/lancet, key, synonymy, type information: 132, 135, 146]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Nearctic/Neotropical: Mexico [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].Neotropical: Panama [Konow 1905a, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Aulacomerus waquus Smith

Aulacomerus waquus Smith, 1990: 146. Type locality: Argentina: Posta Lozano, Jujuy. Holotype female, by original designation. Type depository: MCZC. Described: male, female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male genitalia, key: 131, 136, 146]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Jujuy [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Salta [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus xyntus Smith

Aulacomerus xyntus Smith, 1990: 146-147. Type locality: Mexico: 4 mi. E Cuernavaca, Morelos. Holotype male, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: CUIC. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male genitalia, key: 131, 136, 146-147]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Nearctic: Mexico (Morelos [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus yikasus Smith

Aulacomerus yikasus Smith, 1990: 147. Type locality: Mexico: 15 mi. W El Palmito, Sinaloa, 5000 feet. Holotype male, by original designation. Type depository: CNCI. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male genitalia, key: 127, 136, 147]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 618].

Distribution

Neotropical: Mexico (Sinola [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Aulacomerus sp.

Citations

Smith 1990 [illustration of sawsheath: 127].