Cerospastus

Cerospastus Konow, 1899c: 404-405. Type species: Cerospastus volupis Konow, by monotypy.

Ceratospastus Schulz, 1906: 84. Unjustified emendation; discovered by Smith, 1978: 159.

Citations

Konow 1905a: [key: 36]; Schulz 1906 [nomenclature: 84]; Rohwer 1911a [type information: 76]; Rohwer 1911c [systematics – classification: 225]; Benson 1938c [distribution (range), systematics – classification: 379]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 159-160]; Pagliano & Scaramozzino 1990 [catalogue/checklist: 57, 58]; Smith 1990 [diagnosis, illustration of adult, illustration of genitalia, key, revision/review, taxonomy: 23]; Abe & Smith 1991 [systematics – classification: 18]; Naumann & Groth 1998 [description, distribution record, key: 129, 145-147].

Cerospastus volupis Konow

Cerospastus volupis Konow, 1899c: 404-405. Type locality: Chile: Valdivia. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 23. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female.

Citations

Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 37]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist, host plant: 160]; Gara et al. 1980 [control description of adult, description of immature stages, economic importance, host plant, illustration of adult, seasonal distribution: 34]; Carrillo & Cerdam 1987 [host plant, impact/damage: 100, 101]; Smith 1990 [description of male, distribution (range), host plant, illustration of adult, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, illustration of sawsheath, taxonomy, type information: 22, 23]; Smith 1993 [economic importance: 11]; Smith & Pérez 1995 [distribution record, host plant: 105]; Veblen et al. 1996 [host plant, impact/damage: 315, 316]; Bauerle et al. 1997 [economic importance, host plant, impact/damage, parasitism, oviposition, parasitism rates: 102, 104]; Naumann & Groth 1998 [description, distribution (range), host plant, illustration of female, illustration of male, type information: 130, 145-146]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, host plant: 614].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Neuquén [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Naumann & Groth 1998, Smith 2006]); Chile [Konow 1905a, Carrillo & Cerdam 1987, Smith 1990, Smith & Pérez 1995] (Cautín [Smith 2006]; La Araucanía [Naumann & Groth 1998], Los Lagos [Smith 1978, Naumann & Groth 1998], Malleco [Smith 2006]; Maule [Smith 1978, Naumann & Groth 1998, Smith 2006]; Valdivia [Smith 2006]).

Associations

Foe – HYMENOPTERA Ichneumonidae: Clasis sp. [Bauerle et al. 1997, Smith 2006]. Hosts – FAGALES Fagaceae: Nothofagus alpina (Poepp. & Endl.) Oerst. [Gara et al. 1980, Bauerle et al. 1997],Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) Oerst. [Bauerle et al. 1997],Nothofagus obliqua (Mirb.) Oerst. [Gara et al. 1980, Balciunas & Burrows 1993, Smith 2006], Nothofagus pumilio (Poepp. & Endl.) Krasser [Bauerle et al. 1997], Nothofagus sp. [Carrillo & Cerdam, Smith 1990].

Biology

Larvae of C. volupis may defoliate Nothofagus in Chile and Argentina (Carrillo & Cerdam 1987, Smith 1990, Veblen et al. 1996).