Perreyia

Brachytomus Hartig, 1837: 88. Nomen nudum; discovered by Smith, 1990: 53.

Perreyia Brullé, 1846: 661. Type species: Perreyia lepida Brullé, by monotypy.

Brachytoma Westwood, 1874: 109. Type species: Brachytoma fumipennis Westwood. Subsequently designated by Ashmead, 1898: 230. Synonymy by Malaise, 1937: 61. Preoccupied byBrachytoma Swainson, 1840.

Lophyroides Cameron, 1882: 133. Type species: Lophyrus tropicus Norton, by original designation. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 53.

Lophyridea Ashmead, 1898: 226. Type species: Lophyrus tropicus Norton, by original designation. Synonymy by Rohwer 1911a: 103.

Paraperreyia Schrottky, 1915: 5. Type species: Paraperreyia grandis Schrottky, by original designation. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 125.

Discocerota Malaise, 1937: 61. Type species: Brachytoma nigriceps Westwood, by original designation. Synonymy by Smith, 1978: 163.

Citations

Hartig 1837 [taxonomy: 88]; Brullé 1846 [new taxon: 661]; Norton 1867 [diagnosis: 223]; Cameron 1881 [taxonomy: 563]; Cameron 1882 [key to genera, new taxon: 133]; Kirby 1882 [new taxon, synonymy, taxonomy, type information: 89-91]; Cameron 1883 [diagnosis, key: 60-61, 63]; Ashmead 1898 [key, new taxon, systematics – classification: 225-226]; Konow 1899c [diagnosis: 406]; Konow 1903b [key, new taxon, systematics – classification, taxonomy: 162, 163, 165-166]; Konow 1905a [diagnosis, distribution (range), key: 38, 40-41]; Rohwer 1911a [type information: 82, 86]; Rohwer 1911c [systematics – classification: 220]; Rohwer 1921 [diagnosis, key, synonymy: 162, 163]; Wheeler & Mann 1923 [aggregation/swarming, behaviour, sociality: 9-11]; Malaise 1937 [key, new taxon, synonymy, type information: 61]; Benson 1938c [illustration of adult, systematics – classification: 380, 382]; Benson & Conde 1938 [key, key to species, revision/review, systematics – classification, taxonomy: 122, 123, 125, 126, 133-137, 150-151]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 160, 163-165]; Pagliano & Scaramozzino 1990 [catalogue/checklist: 51, 76, 117, 150, 155]; Smith 1990 [diagnosis, key, systematics – classification, taxonomy: 28, 53-66]; Abe & Smith 1991 [synonymy, systematics – classification: 14, 26, 46, 62, 65]; Smith 1995b [diagnosis, distribution (range), illustration of adult: 160, 172]; Pschorn-Walcher 1998 [behaviour, oviposition, sociality: 460].

Biology

Larvae have been observed migrating in large groups with hundreds of individuals over the ground (Wheeler & Mann, 1923, Riet-Correa et al., 1998, Flores et al., 2000).

TAXONOMY: Smith (1990) combined several genera of earlier authors, namely Perreyia , Lophyroides , and Discocerota , all of which were considered valid by Malaise (1937) and the former two by Benson & Conde (1937). These were separated by their different types of antennae: simple and serrate in Perreyia , segments with rounded projections in the male for Discocerota , and pectinate in the male for Lophyroides . However, some species are intermediate in these characters. On the basis of genitalia, wings, palpi, and other structures of the head, all species belong to the same group.

Perreyia flavipes Konow

Perreyia flavipes Konow, 1899c: 406-407. Type locality: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 59. Type depository: DEIC. Described: male, female.

Brachytoma flavipes: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Lophyroides flavipes: Malaise, 1937: 64. Change of combination.

Perreyia flavipes: Smith, 1990: 59. Change of combination.

Citations

Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 41]; Jörgensen 1913 [distribution record: 251, 266]; Malaise 1937 [illustration of female: 64]; Benson & Conde 1938 [description of female, description of male, distribution (range), illustration of female, key, taxonomy: 123, 129, 134-135]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 163]; Smith 1990 [behaviour, distribution (range), illustration of female, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, illustration of sawsheath, key, taxonomy, type information: 54, 55, 57, 58, 59]; Dutra et al. 1997 [chemical defence, distribution (range), economic importance, illustration of immature stages, impact/damage, laboratory studies, physiology: 281-286]; Oelrichs et al. 1998 [economic importance, laboratory studies, physiology: 517-520]; Riet-Correa et al. 1998 [distribution (range), economic importance, host plant, illustration of immature stages, seasonal distribution: 291-296]; MacLeod et al. 2000 [physiology: 293-297]; Soares et al. 2001 [description of adult, description of immature stages, economic importance, illustration of adult, illustration of immature stages, laboratory studies, life history, population dynamics: 669-678]; Dutra 2003 [behaviour, chemical defence, distributin (range), economic importance, illustration of immature stages, illustration of female, illustration of male, impact/damage, life history, oviposition, outbreaks, population dynamics, seasonal distribution]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Buenos Aires [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Dutra et al. 1997, Smith 2006], Entre Rios [Smith 1990, Dutra et al. 1997, Smith 2006]); Brazil (Distrito Federal (=Brasilia) [Smith 1990, Dutra et al. 1997, Smith 2006], Espírito Santo [Smith 1990, Dutra et al. 1997, Smith 2006], Paraná [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978], Rio Grande do Sul [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Dutra et al. 1997, Smith 2006], Santa Catarina [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Dutra et al. 1997, Smith 2006]); Uruguay [Dutra et al. 1997, Riet-Correa et al. 1998, Dutra 2003, Smith 2006].

Associations

Host – POALES Poaceae [Riet-Correa et al. 1998, Smith 2006].

Biology

The life history of Perreyia flavipes has been studied in detail because of its economic importance (Dutra et al. 1997, Riet-Correa et al. 1998, Dutra 2003): females place their eggs under the vegetation or immediately below the soil surface under dead vegetation in clusters of 100-500 eggs. The adults did not feed and died after 16-30 hours (females) and 36-72 hours (males). Groups of about 100, ranging from 6-200, larvae have been found crawling over grass in groups of about 15 x 8 cm, this behaviour apparently being more frequent on some days than on others. Dead and decaying leaves appear to be important for eggs and young larvae. In the laboratory larvae were feeding on young grass leaves, senescent vegetation, and cattle faeces. In the field last instar larvae were observed to feed on green, dry grass leaves or dry cattle faeces. Larval development takes 4 to 8 weeks and they enter the ground for pupation in September and October. Pupation takes place at 0-10 cm under the soil surface. Adults emerge in February and March of the following year.

Larvae are toxic to cattle, sheep, and swine and several cases of poisoning have been reported, in particular in connection with outbtreaks of the species (Dutra et al. 1997, Dutra 2003). Similar observations have been made with Perreyia lepida (Smith 2006), in Australia with Lophyrotoma interrupta ) (Roberts 1932, Callow 1955, Oelrichs et al. 1977, Oelrichs 1982, McKenzie et al. 1985a, 1985b), and in Denmark with Arge pullata (Zaddach) (Thamsborg et al. 1985, Thamsborg & Jorgensen 1996).

Perreyia fumipennis (Westwood)

Brachytoma fumipennis Westwood, 1874: 110. Type locality: Brazil: “Amazonia”. Syntype male. Type depository: OXUM. Described: male. Illust.

Perreyia fulva Mocsáry, 1909: 10. Type locality: Peru: Pachitea. Syntype, male. Type depository: HNHM. Described: male. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 136.

Citations

Kirby 1882 [distribution (range): 91]; Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 304]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 40]; Benson & Conde 1938 [description, distribution (range), illustration of female, key, seasonal distribution, taxonomy: 123, 125, 135-136]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 163-164]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of female, illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key, taxonomy, type information: 54, 55, 56, 58, 59-60]; Smith 1995b [distribution (range): 172]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Bolivia [Smith 1990, Smith2005]; Brazil (Amazonas [Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pará [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Colombia [Smith 2006]; Costa Rica [Smith 1995b]; Ecuador [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; El Salvador [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Mexico (Chiapas [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Peru [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Venezuela [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Perreyia lepida Brullé

Perreyia lepida Brullé, 1846: 661. Type locality: “l’Amérique méridionale”. Syntype, female. Type probably lost. Described: female. Illust.

Brachytoma vitellina Westwood, 1874: 110. Type locality: Brazil. Syntype female. Type depository: OXUM. Described: female. Illust. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 150.

Perreyia vitellina: Kirby, 1882: 91. Change of combination.

Perreyia alvina Konow, 1899c: 408. Type locality: Brazil: Santa Catharina. Syntype, female. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 150.

Perreyia dorsuaria Konow, 1899c: 407. Type locality: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 60. Type depository: MACN. Described: female. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 150.

Perreyia extensoria Konow, 1899c: 408. Type locality: Venezuela: Merida. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 61. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 150.

Perreyia persimilis Konow, 1899c: 407. Type locality: Brazil: Santos. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 61. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 150.

Brachytoma alvina: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Brachytoma dorsuaria: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Brachytoma extensoria: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Brachytoma persimilis: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Paraperreyia grandis Schrottky, 1915: 5. Type locality: Paraguay: Puerto Cantera. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 61. Type depository: MNRJ. Described: female. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 150.

Lophyroides dorsuaria: Rohwer, 1921: 164. Change of combination.

Lophyroides grandis: Rohwer, 1921: 163. Change of combination.

Paraperreyia dorsuaria: Malaise, 1937: 64. Change of combination.

Paraperreyia vitellina: Malaise, 1937: 64. Change of combination.

Citations

Brullé 1846 [distribution (range), illustration of adult: 661, pl. 46, fig. 2]; Norton 1867 [catalogue/checklist, distribution (range): 224]; Kirby 1882 [distribution (range), taxonomy: 90, 91]; Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 304, 305]; Konow 1903b [description of female: 162]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range), illustration of female: 40, 41, pl. 3]; Enderlein 1919 [description of male, distribution record: 126]; Rohwer 1921 [distribution record: 163, 164]; Malaise 1937 [illustration of female: 61, 64]; Benson & Conde 1938 [description of female, description of male, distribution (range), illustration of female, illustration of male genitalia, seasonal distribution: 123, 125, 129, 150-151]; Camargo 1955a [behaviour, biology, description of female, description of immature stages, distribution record, economic importance, host plant, illustration of female, illustration of immature stages: 15-27]; Camargo 1955b [behaviour, biology, description of female, description of immature stages, distribution record, economic importance, host plant, illustration of female, illustration of immature stages: 23-29]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist, host plant: 160-161]; Smith 1990 [biology, distribution (range), illustration of female, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, illustration of sawsheath, key, taxonomy, type information: 54, 55, 56, 59, 60-61]; Dutra et al. 1997 [common name, economic importance, host plant, life history, sociality: 281-282]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, host plant, synonymy: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Corrientes [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Bolivia [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Brazil (Espírito Santo [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Mato Grosso [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Paraná [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pernambuco [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Rio Grande do Sul [Benson & Conde 1938, Camargo 1955a, Camargo 1955b, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Rio de Janeiro [Enderlein 1919, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Santa Catarina [Rohwer 1921, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], São Paulo [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Paraguay [Rohwer 1921, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Uruguay [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Venezuela [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1978, Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Associations

Host – APIALES Apiaceae: Eryngium sp. [Camargo 1955a, Dutra et al. 1997]. ASTERALES Asteraceae: Senecio sp. [Smith 2006],Baccharis sp. [Smith 2006].

Biology

Adults may be poisonous to livestock if ingested (Smith 2006).

Perreyia nigriceps (Westwood)

Brachytoma nigriceps Westwood, 1874: 109-110. Type locality: Brazil: “Amazonia”. Syntype male. Type depository: OXUM. Described: male, female. Illust.

Perreyia nigriceps: Kirby, 1882: 91. Change of combination.

Perreyia melanopyga Konow, 1899c: 409. Type locality: Argentina. Syntype, female. Type depositories: DEIC, MACN. Described: female. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 61. One syntype from Bolivia at DEIC (Oehlke & Wudowenz, 1984: 395).

Perreyia melanopyga Konow, 1899c: 409. Type locality: Brazil: Buenos Aires. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 61-62. Type depository: DEIC. Described: female. Synonymy by Smith, 1990: 61.

Brachytoma melanopyga: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Lophyroides melanopyga: Rohwer, 1921: 164. Change of combination.

Discocerota melanopyga: Malaise, 1937: 58. Change of combination.

Discocerota nigriceps: Malaise, 1937: 61, 64. Change of combination.

Lophyroides nigriceps: Benson & Conde, 1938: 133-134. Change of combination.

Citations

Kirby 1882 [distribution (range), taxonomy: 91]; Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 304]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 40, 41]; Jörgensen 1913 [distribution record: 252]; Enderlein 1919 [description of female, distribution record: 126]; Rohwer 1921 [distribution record: 164]; Malaise 1937 [illustration of female: 64]; Benson & Conde 1938 [description, distribution (range), illustration of female, key, seasonal distribution: 123, 125, 133-134]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 164]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of female, illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key, synonymy, taxonomy, type information: 54, 55, 56, 59, 61-62]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, synonymy: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina [Konow 1905a, Jörgensen 1913]; Bolivia [Konow 1905a, Jörgensen 1913]; Brazil (Amapá [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Amazonas [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Distrito Federal (=Brasilia) [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Goiás [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Mato Grosso [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pará [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], São Paulo [Enderlein 1919, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Ecuador [Enderlein 1919, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Guyana [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Paraguay [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Peru [Rohwer 1921, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Perreyia odontea Smith

Perreyia odontea Smith, 1990: 62. Type locality: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Distrito Federal (=Brasilia). Holotype male, by original designation. Type depository: USNM. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key: 54, 57, 58, 62]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Minas Geraís [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Rio de Janeiro [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], São Paulo [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Perreyia picea (Westwood)

Brachytoma picea Westwood, 1874: 110. Type locality: Brazil: “Amazonia”. Syntype male. Type depository: OXUM. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Kirby 1882 [description of female, distribution record: 90]; Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 304]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 41]; Benson & Conde 1938 [description of male, distribution (range), key, taxonomy: 134]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 164]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key, taxonomy, type information: 54, 57, 58, 62-63]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Amazonas [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Distrito Federal (=Brasilia) [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Pará? [Kirby 1882]); Colombia [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Ecuador [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Peru [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Perreyia stangei Smith

Perreyia stangei Smith, 1990: 63. Type locality: Argentina: Horco Molle, nr Tucumán. Holotype male, by original designation. Type depository: IMLT. Described: male, female. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of female, illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key: 54, 56, 58, 59, 63]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Córdoba [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Tucumán [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Brazil (Paraná [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Perreyia townesi Smith

Perreyia townesi Smith, 1990: 63-64. Type locality: Brazil: Santa Barbara, Minas Geraís. Holotype male, by original designation. Type depository: AEIC. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key: 54, 55, 56, 63-64]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Minas Geraís [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Paraná [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Rio de Janeiro [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]).

Perreyia tropica (Norton)

Lophyrus tropicus Norton, 1869: 322-323. Type locality: Mexico: Cordova, t.c. Holotype male, by monotypy. Type depository: MHNG. Described: male.

Lophyrus cordoviensis Norton, 1869: 322, 323. Type locality: Mexico: Cordova, t.c. Holotype male, by monotypy. Type probably lost. Described: male. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 136-137.

Brachytoma cordoviensis: Cameron, 1882: 132. Change of combination.

Brachytoma tropicus: Cameron, 1882: 132-133. Change of combination.

Lophyroides cordoviensis: Cameron, 1882: 133. Change of combination.

Lophyroides tropicus: Cameron, 1882: 133. Change of combination.

Perreyia anomala Kirby, 1882: 90. Type locality: Mexico: Orizaba. Holotype female, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: BMNH. Described: female. Illust. Synonymy by Cameron, 1882: 133.

Perreyia compta: Kirby, 1882: 90. Misidentification; discovered by Smith, 1990: 64.

Lophyroides anomala: Cameron, 1883: 61. Change of combination.

Lophyroides ruficollis Cameron, 1883: 62. Type locality: Panama: Volcan de Chiriqui. Holotype male. Type depository: BMNH. Described: male. Illust. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 136.

Lophyridea tropica: Ashmead, 1898: 226. Change of combination.

Perreyia insignita Konow, 1899c: 409. Type locality: Peru: Callanga. Lectotype female, designated by Smith, 1990: 64. Type depository: MACN. Described: female. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 137.

Perreyia cordoviensis: Konow, 1905a: 40. Change of combination.

Perreyia ruficollis: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Perreyia tropica: Konow, 1905a: 41. Change of combination.

Lophyorides [sic!] modesta Rohwer, 1921: 164-165. Type locality: Ecuador: Balzapamba. Holotype male, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: DEIC. Described: male. Synonymy by Benson & Conde, 1938: 136-137.

Lophyroides fulva: Rohwer, 1921: 165. Misidentification; discovered by Smith, 1990: 64.

Citations

Cameron 1882 [synonymy, taxonomy: 132-133]; Kirby 1882 [description of male, illustration of female, illustration of male, new taxon: 90, pl. vi, figs 13, 14, 15]; Cameron 1883 [description, distribution record, new taxon, systematics – classification: 61-62, pl. III]; Dalla Torre 1894 [catalogue/checklist: 307]; Konow 1905a [distribution (range): 40, 41]; Enderlein 1919 [description of male, distribution record: 125]; Rohwer 1921 [distribution record: 166]; Benson & Conde 1938 [description of female, description of male, distribution (range), illustration of female, key, synonymy, taxonomy: 123, 125, 136-137, pl. III]; Smith 1971 [distribution record, taxonomy, type information: 524]; Smith 1978 [catalogue/checklist: 164-165]; Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of female, illustration of male, illustration of lance/lancet, illustration of male genitalia, illustration of sawsheath, key, taxonomy, type information: 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 64-65]; Smith 1995b [distribution (range): 172]; Flores et al. 2000 [behaviour, description of immature stages, habitat, host plant, life history, oviposition, parasitism, rearing, seasonal distribution: 260-264]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist, host plant: 615].

Distribution

Neotropical: Bolivia [Benson & Conde 1938]; Colombia [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Costa Rica [Enderlein 1919, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 1995b, Smith 2006]; Ecuador [Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Guatemala [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Honduras [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Mexico (Chiapas [Smith 1990, Smith 2006], Veracruz [Kirby 1882, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Panama [Cameron 1883, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Peru [Konow 1905a, Enderlein 1919, Benson & Conde 1938, Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Venezuela [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Associations

Foe – DIPTERA Tachinidae: Vibrissina sp. [Flores et al. 2000].

Biology

Larvae travel in groups on the ground and feed on dead leaves and presumably fungi (Flores et al. 2000).

Perreyia ucita Smith

Perreyia ucita Smith, 1990: 65. Type locality: Brazil: Sinop, Mato Grosso (12º31’S, 55º37’W). Holotype male, by original designation. Type depository: AEIC. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key: 54, 57, 58, 65]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 616].

Distribution

Neotropical: Argentina (Misiones [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Brazil (Mato Grosso [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]; Peru [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Perreyia vexita Smith

Perreyia vexita Smith, 1990: 65-66. Type locality: Venezuela: Mucuy Fish Hatchery, Merida, 7 km E Tabay, 6600 feet. Holotype male, by original designation. Type depository: USNM. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of genitalia, illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key: 54, 55, 57, 65-66]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 616].

Distribution

Neotropical: Brazil (Distrito Federal (=Brasilia) [Smith 1990, Smith 2006]); Venezuela [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Perreyia wanatia Smith

Perreyia wanatia Smith, 1990: 66. Type locality: Venezuela: Carrel Preoe, merc. la Griva. Holotype male, by monotypy and original designation. Type depository: IZAM. Described: male. Illust.

Citations

Smith 1990 [distribution (range), illustration of male, illustration of male genitalia, key: 54, 55, 57, 66]; Smith 2006 [catalogue/checklist: 616].

Distribution

Neotropical: Venezuela [Smith 1990, Smith 2006].

Perreyia sp.

Brachytoma sp. Forsius, 1925: 24.

Citations

Forsius 1925 [distribution record: 24].